While several members of the imperial family managed to stay on good terms with the Provisional Government, and were eventually able to leave Russia, Nicholas II and his family were sent into exile in the Siberian town of Tobolsk by Alexander Kerensky in August In the October Revolution of the Bolsheviks ousted the Provisional government. In April the Romanovs were moved to the Russian town of Yekaterinburgin the Urals, where they were placed in the Ipatiev House.
During the Romanov reign Russia became and remained a major European power. Origins The Romanovs share their origins with a handful of other Russian noble families.
One of the ancestors of the world-renowned dynasty was Andrey Kobyla — a boyar who lived during the middle of the 14th century. Kobyla was documented in contemporary chronicles only once, inwhen he was said to have been sent to Tver with the purpose of meeting the daughter of Alexander I of Tver.
Later generations assigned other more illustrious pedigrees to Kobyla, however, they are highly unlikely to be true.
An 18th century genealogy chart even claimed that Kobyla was the son of the Prussian prince Glanda Kambila, who came to Russia in the second half of the 13th century, fleeing the invading Germans.
Indeed, one of the leaders of the Prussian rebellion of against the Teutonic order was named Glande, but the theory acquired no further proof. Later the family split this surname into two branches: During the reign of Ivan the Terrible, the former family became known as Yakovlev, whereas the grandchildren of Roman Zakharyin-Yuriev changed their name to Romanov.
The Romanov Dynasty began with the election of Mikhail Romanov, a year-old boyar, by the Zemsky Sobor, or Assembly of the Land — the first Russian parliament of the feudal estates type.
Rise to power Image from www. When young Mikhail learned he was about to be granted the highest title anyone could dream of in Russia, he burst into tears of fear and despair. He was finally persuaded to accept the throne by his mother who saw no way out, so she blessed the young man who had to obey.
Mikhail Romanov was crowned on 22 July The first member of the Romanov Dynasty and founder of the clan dedicated the time of his reign to reforms, thus changing the political situation that had formed by that time in ancient Russia.
The first task of the new Tsar was to clear the land of the invaders infesting it — thus Sweden and Poland were dealt with respectively. Thanks to Mikhail Russian industry entered an era of prosperity: Diplomatic and trade relations with other countries improved greatly and agriculture seemed to get a second wind.
In order to develop crafts in Russia, Mikhail invited foreign manufacturers — armorers and molders among them - to Russia on special terms.
Infor example, a Dutch merchant named Vinius received permission to build a gun factory in Tula. Since that time the city has been known for its gun shops, which are still considered some of the best in Russia and the world to this day.
In Mikhail took the crown and became the all-Russian sovereign. In the Tsar laid the foundation for the military reorganization of the country — foreign officers taught military science to Russian vaivodes a Slavic title that originally denoted the principal commander of a military force.
This was just the first step towards the creation of the regular national armed forces. For quite some time Mikhail suffered from a serious leg injury he received when he fell of off a horse early in This resulted in much difficulty walking towards the end of his life.
The first Russian Tsar was married twice. The first union was with Princess Maria Dolgorukova in Unfortunately she died just four months after the marriage, and Mikhail had to remarry.
Thus in he took Evdokiya Streshneva as his wife. This marriage was long-lasting and Evdokiya gave Mikhail 10 children. Mikhail Romanov died in July at the age of It is believed that edema, a disease that presents an abnormal accumulation of fluid beneath the skin or in one or more cavities of the body, caused his death.
The founder of the Romanov Dynasty was buried at the Cathedral of the Archangel in Moscow, and his title was inherited by his only son, Aleksey.
But quite unlike his father he was already an experienced young man at this age and truly wanted to accept the responsibility of ruling the country. He remained the Tsar of all Russia through some of the most eventful decades of the mid 17th century.
Aleksey was a gentle and very religious man who was loved and cherished by the common people — the Tsar was even called Aleksey the Quiet. At first young Aleksey was committed to the care of the boyar Boris Morozov. He also wanted to somehow limit the rights and privileges of foreign traders, the number of which had by then surpassed Russian manufacturers.
Morozov in turn married her sister, Anna, just ten days later. Sadly, Maria died only weeks after her thirteenth childbirth.
Aleksey remarried on 1 Februarythis time his choice was Natalia Naryshkina, a beautiful young girl from a petty noble family. They had three children.
Morozov, however, quite unlike Aleksey Romanov, was very unpopular with the common people, who considered him a typical boyar — greedy for gain and with an axe to grind. In he was even accused of being a sorcerer, and the Russian people rose against him in the so-called Salt Riot.Mar 11, · Directed by Esfir Shub.
With Mikhail Alekseyev, Alexei Brusilov, Nikolai Chkheidze, Emperor Franz Josef. In May the Romanov Dynasty celebrates its th anniversary at the Russian throne. The last emperor in the long line is czar Nicholas II.
He rules over a country with huge social and economic differences/10(). Sep 21, · Watch video · The Romanov family was the last imperial dynasty to rule Russia.
They first came to power in , and over the next three centuries, 18 Romanovs took the Russian throne, including Peter the Great. Aug 15, · The Romanov’s empire was doomed to collapse due to various internal and external forces during this turbulent period. To blame solely on the Tsar for the fall of his empire is senseless.
Russia was (and still is) a part of a dynamic international community and as such is influenced by many forces internally and externally in nature.
Why did the Russian Romanov Dynasty collapse in ? Tsar Nicholas II and his Family The Russian Revolution of was perhaps the most important event in the twentieth century.
The Romanov Dynasty to was the last imperial dynasty to rule Russia. During the Romanov reign Russia became and remained a major European power.
The Decline and Fall of the Romanov Dynasty. Create a timeline covering the key events of the period. The events should be accompanied by a brief description.